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[考试辅导] 医学考博每日一读:Most child deaths 'preventable'

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发表于 2012-7-20 22:52:00 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Most deaths of young children around the world are from mainly preventable infectious causes, experts have said.9 ~1 U  q: P/ d: [
A US team, writing in the Lancet, looked at mortality figures from 2010.5 ~0 o* L! K- j+ f
They found two-thirds of the 7.6m children who died before their fifth birthday did so due to infectious causes - and pneumonia was found to be the leading cause of death.
2 }% [# n. g5 B- h4 `One expert said it was very important to "translate such findings into action".
# ^; o1 E+ [$ K" PThe team from Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health looked at data from a range of sources, including household surveys and registration systems for 193 countries. Mathematical modelling was used where data was incomplete.5 a- F& y7 \* c+ C9 d# O
They found child deaths had fallen by two million (26%) since 2000, and there have been significant reductions in leading causes of death including diarrhoea and measles - as well as pneumonia.
) |1 P% k/ ^! J1 G* J; m! PBut they say there are still significant challenges.  d% r3 v0 l$ ?$ v! l6 E# g
International targets
5 J- S6 a7 V$ e+ r3 KHalf of child deaths occurred in Africa - two thirds (2.6m) were due to infectious causes, including malaria and Aids. " _& J; z/ M/ ?) x* ?
In South East Asia, neonatal causes were the leading cause of death.0 K% `2 @' D# }
Five countries (India, Nigeria, Pakistan, Democratic Republic of Congo and China) accounted for almost half (3.75m) of deaths in children under five.) z3 s* u+ W2 ?4 m! f! x
The researchers warn that very few countries will achieve international targets for improving child survival - the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 4 - by the 2015 deadline.* K. X! @! i$ ]3 S" Z
Only tetanus, measles, and HIV/Aids have fallen enough to meet the target.; C" _0 ?8 Q5 _( |+ c5 I/ a
Writing in the Lancet, the researchers say: "Across all the previous and current rounds of causes of childhood death estimation, pneumonia and pre-term birth complications consistently rank as the leading causes at the global level. 8 H  x3 h1 s# ]- G0 H7 B
"Africa and South East Asia are repeatedly the regions with the most deaths in children younger than five years. " D# `" W2 l. F( A1 u# ]
"Our trend analysis shows that accelerated reductions are needed in the two major causes and in the two high-burden regions to achieve MDG4 by 2015."+ {8 Q2 r, n# C, f2 q5 L9 }% e
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